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2016考研英语:山东大学旅游管理英译汉练习题(一)
添加时间:2015/4/8  来源:乐学山大考研网  浏览数:1858

旅游管理硕士考研英语的英译汉练习题(一)

随着我国旅游业的发展,山东大学旅游管理硕士的需求和热度也不断增加。旅游管理硕士旨在培养具有责任感和职业精神并且理论和技能并存、有国际化思维的人才,因此希望每一位考生认识到这一点并努力备考。乐学山东大学考研为大家提供各种复习资料以及备考指导。下文是和大家分享的旅游管理硕士英译汉精选练习,希望大家对照译文仔细研究。

  Passage 1

(1)The types of daydreamswhether they are pleasant and hopeful or filled with despair take shape in childhood when everyone develops one of three basic daydreaming stylespositivenegative and scattereAmerican Health reports. Although everyone lapses occasionally into each of these typespositive daydreams are more likely to imagine happyplayful or entertaining scenarios.

(2)Negative daydreamers tend to dwell on life's darker side imagining dangerous and/or life threatening situationssuch as the appearance of a fatal or weakening disease or becoming a victim of violence. Scattered daydreamers are easily bored and distracted."Their mental images tend to be fleetingrepetitive and shallowlike variations on the same fairy tales"explains Yale psychologist Ron Tower.

(3)While all three types are commonpositive imaginations are likeliest to serve as springboards(跳板)for problem solvingwhile negative and scattered daydreams may leave a person feeling anxious. Negative daydreamers are waiting for the other shoe "to fall."Their imaginations are often guilt-ridden or obsessive. There are times when drifting away can cause problemsaccording to Bolin."If daydreaming gets in the way of daily function because the person is doing it all daythe person won't be very productive"she says"The amount of time and the frequency that a person daydreams is what's important. It should not take up all of your time.

(4)If people find their daydreaming is becoming excessive(过多的)they should take a realistic look at what's going on in their life and ask themselves what they are trying to avoid. Then they can assess what steps they need to take to correct the situation."(Anyone who has a hard tme discriminating between reality and imagination or starts replacing real life family and friends with imagined people should seek professional help.)(5)Professor Singer sums up the advantages of daydreams to the average person"by sitting quietly and letting your daydreams emerge instead of squelching(抑制)themyou may find there are parts of yourself you haven't been listening to. Instead of fearing themyou'll gain access to tremendous range of interestingcreative ideas."

Passage 2

In the 1990speople are very aware of how bad things are. As a resultthey completely ignore information about new developments and crises to prevent themselves from going "crazy".Today's leaders should therefor provide people with a sense that current problems are soluble(可以解决的). We need to break large-scale crises down to small manageable pieces rather than cause people to believe that the situation is even more complex and difficult that they thought. People need to believe that they can really do something within their own situationand to do thisthey must recognize that it is in their self-interest to change their behavior.

英译汉

  Passage1

  (1)《美国健康》杂志报道说:人们的白日梦类型在童年时代就已经形成,不管是令人愉悦的、充满希望的、还是充满绝望的,在童年时代每个人就形成了三种基本白日梦类型中的一种,即:积极型的、消积型的或零散型的。

  (2)消积型的白日梦者总是想象着生活中比较阴暗的方面,想象着危险的和(或者)威胁生命的情景,诸如出现一种致命的或使人衰竭的疾病,或是自己成了暴力的受害者。

  (3)这三种白日梦类型都很常见,积极型的幻想最有可能作为解决问题的跳板,而消积型和零散型的白日梦可能会使人感到焦虑不安。

  (4)如果人们发现自己的白日梦过多了,那他们就要现实地看待他们生活中正在发生的事情,并问问自己他们是在力图逃避什么。

  (5)辛格教授总结了白日梦对普通人的益处:静静地坐在那里,让你的白日梦浮现出来,而不是抑制它们,你就可以发现你尚未注意到的、自身内心活动的那些部分。

  Passage2

  在20世纪90年代,人们都非常清楚事情是那么糟糕。因此,他们对有关新的发展和危机的信息一概不予理睬,以免自己会"发狂"。因此,如今的领导人应当向人们灌输当前的问题是可以解决的这样一种意识。我们需要把大规模的危机分解为可处理的若干部分,而不要使人们认为,情况比他们想象的还要复杂和困难得多。人们应当相信,在他们自己的活动范围内,他们的确是能够有所作为的;为了达到这一目的,他们必须认识到,改变他们的行为方式,正是他们自身利益之所在。

  事在人为,虽然考研时一场艰苦的人生斗争,相信只要大家用心努力就一定能够收获胜利的果实,乐学山东大学考研祝2016年考生,备考成功!

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